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131:1 Metal Gearmotor 37Dx73L mm with 64 CPR Encoder (Spur Pinion)

Pololu item #: 2827
Brand: Pololu
Status: Obsolete 
RoHS 3 compliant

This product has been discontinued.

This gearmotor has been replaced by a functionally identical version that uses helical pinion gears for the first stage of the gearbox to reduce noise and improve efficiency.

Clearance: This is being replaced by a functionally identical version that uses helical gears for the first stage of the gearbox to reduce noise and improve efficiency.

This gearmotor is a powerful 12V brushed DC motor with a 131.25:1 metal gearbox and an integrated quadrature encoder that provides a resolution of 64 counts per revolution of the motor shaft, which corresponds to 8400 counts per revolution of the gearbox’s output shaft. These units have a 16 mm-long, 6 mm-diameter D-shaped output shaft. This gearmotor is also available without an encoder.

Key specifications:

voltage no-load performance stall extrapolation
12 V 76 RPM, 150 mA 45 kg⋅cm (630 oz⋅in), 5.5 A

Alternatives available with variations in these parameter(s): gear ratio encoders? Select variant…

 Description Specs (21) Pictures (14) Resources (4) FAQs (1) On the blog (1) 

Overview

Clearance: Our original 37D gearmotors with spur pinion gears are being replaced by newer versions that feature helical gears for the first stage of the gearbox, which makes the gearbox a little quieter and more efficient. The performance is otherwise unchanged, and the dimensions are the same, so the new versions with helical pinion gears can be used as direct replacements for the original units. The pictures below of the motor portion with the gearbox removed show the two pinion gear types:

Motor with 64 CPR Encoder for 37D mm Metal Gearmotors (No Gearbox, Spur Pinion).

Motor with 64 CPR Encoder for 37D mm Metal Gearmotors (No Gearbox, Helical Pinion)


This powerful brushed DC gearmotor is available in a variety of different gear ratios and features an integrated quadrature encoder with 64 counts per revolution (CPR) of the motor shaft. The motor and encoder portion is available by itself (no gearbox), and versions without the encoder are also available.

Rated
Voltage
Stall
Current
No-Load
Current
Gear Ratio No-Load Speed
(RPM)
Extrapolated
Stall Torque
Max Power
(W)


Without Encoder


With Encoder
(kg ⋅ cm) (oz ⋅ in)
12 V 5.5 A 0.15 A 1:1 (no gearbox) 10,000 0.5 7 item #2821
19:1 540 8.5 120 12 item #1102 item #2822
30:1 330 14 190 12 item #1103 item #2823
50:1 200 21 290 10 item #1104 item #2824
70:1 150 27 380 10 item #1105 item #2825
100:1 100 34 470 8 item #1106 item #2826
131:1 76 45 630 6 item #1107 item #2827

Note: Stalling or overloading gearmotors can greatly decrease their lifetimes and even result in immediate damage. In order to avoid damaging the gearbox, we recommend keeping continuously applied loads under 10 kg-cm (150 oz-in), and the recommended upper limit for instantaneous torque is 25 kg-cm (350 oz-in). Stalls can also result in rapid (potentially on the order of seconds) thermal damage to the motor windings and brushes; a general recommendation for brushed DC motor operation is 25% or less of the stall current.

These motors are intended for use at 12 V, though in general, these kinds of motors can run at voltages above and below the nominal voltage (they can begin rotating at voltages as low as 1 V). Lower voltages might not be practical, and higher voltages could start negatively affecting the life of the motor.

These gearmotors are functionally identical to the previous versions we carried without end caps (they use the same motor, encoder, and gearboxes). The black plastic end cap is easily removable if you need to access the encoder or want to slightly reduce the overall gearmotor size, but there is a little bit of base plastic that will remain, as shown in the pictures below:

Details for item #2827

Exact gear ratio: ``(25×30×30×28×30) / (10×10×10×12×12) = bb(131.25:1)``

Dimensions

Dimensions of the 37D mm metal gearmotor with 64 CPR encoder. Units are mm over [inches].

This diagram is also available as a downloadable PDF (461k pdf).

Warning: Do not screw too far into the mounting holes as the screws can hit the gears. We recommend screwing no further than 3mm (1/8″) into the screw hole.

37D mm metal gearmotor with 64 CPR encoder (with end cap removed).

Using the Encoder

A two-channel Hall effect encoder is used to sense the rotation of a magnetic disk on a rear protrusion of the motor shaft. The quadrature encoder provides a resolution of 64 counts per revolution of the motor shaft when counting both edges of both channels. To compute the counts per revolution of the gearbox output, multiply the gear ratio by 64. The motor/encoder has six color-coded, 8″ (20 cm) leads terminated by a 1×6 female header with a 0.1″ pitch, as shown in the main product picture. This header works with standard 0.1″ male headers and our male jumper and precrimped wires. If this header is not convenient for your application, you can pull the crimped wires out of the header or cut the header off. The following table describes the wire functions:

Color Function
Red motor power (connects to one motor terminal)
Black motor power (connects to the other motor terminal)
Green encoder GND
Blue encoder Vcc (3.5 – 20 V)
Yellow encoder A output
White encoder B output

The Hall sensor requires an input voltage, Vcc, between 3.5 and 20 V and draws a maximum of 10 mA. The A and B outputs are square waves from 0 V to Vcc approximately 90° out of phase. The frequency of the transitions tells you the speed of the motor, and the order of the transitions tells you the direction. The following oscilloscope capture shows the A and B (yellow and white) encoder outputs using a motor voltage of 12 V and a Hall sensor Vcc of 5 V:

Encoder A and B outputs for 37D mm metal gearmotor with 64 CPR encoder (motor running at 12 V).

By counting both the rising and falling edges of both the A and B outputs, it is possible to get 64 counts per revolution of the motor shaft. Using just a single edge of one channel results in 16 counts per revolution of the motor shaft, so the frequency of the A output in the above oscilloscope capture is 16 times the motor rotation frequency.

Gearmotor accessories

The face plate has six mounting holes evenly spaced around the outer edge threaded for M3 screws. These mounting holes form a regular hexagon and the centers of neighboring holes are 15.5 mm apart. We carry two brackets for these gearmotors: a stamped aluminum L-bracket (sold in pairs) and a sturdier, tombstone-style machined aluminum bracket (sold individually):

37D mm gearmotor (without encoder) with L-bracket and 6mm universal mounting hub.

Pololu machined aluminum bracket for 37D mm metal gearmotors mounting a motor to a clear piece of acrylic.

The 6 mm diameter gearbox output shaft works with the Pololu universal aluminum mounting hub for 6mm shafts, which can be used to mount our larger Pololu wheels (80mm- and 90mm-diameter) or custom wheels and mechanisms to the gearmotor’s output shaft as shown in the left picture below. Alternatively, you could use our 6mm scooter wheel adapter to mount many common scooter, skateboard, and inline skate wheels to the gearmotor’s output shaft as shown in the right picture below:

37D mm metal gearmotor with 64 CPR encoder connected to a Pololu 90×10mm wheel with a Pololu universal mounting hub.

A 37D mm gearmotor connected to a scooter wheel by the 6 mm scooter wheel adapter.

For a general-purpose hex adapter, consider our 12mm hex wheel adapter (also available in an extended version), which lets you use these motors with many common hobby RC wheels, including Dagu Wild Thumper Wheels:

12mm Hex Wheel Adapter for 6mm Shaft connecting a Wild Thumper Wheel to a 37D mm Metal Gearmotor.

We have a number of motor drivers and motor controllers that work with these 37D mm metal gearmotors. We generally recommend our High-Power Motor Drivers, which are available in various power levels and versions, including some dual-channel shields for Arduino and dual-channel expansion boards for Raspberry Pi. Additionally, our VNH5019-based motor drivers, which are also available as single and dual carriers, are a good match for these gearmotors.

Pololu Dual G2 High-Power Motor Driver 24v14 Shield for Arduino.

Pololu Dual G2 High-Power Motor Driver 24v14 for Raspberry Pi (assembled version) with included hardware.

Pololu dual VNH5019 motor driver shield for Arduino.

If you are looking for higher-level control interfaces, such as USB, RC, analog voltages, I²C, or TTL serial, consider our Simple Motor Controllers, Jrk motor controllers, or RoboClaw motor controllers; these controllers are available in various power levels several of which can handle these 37D mm metal gearmotors (we generally recommend a motor controller that can handle continuous currents above the stall current of your motor).

High-Power Simple Motor Controller G2 18v15.

Jrk G2 21v3 USB Motor Controller with Feedback.

RoboClaw 2×7A Motor Controller (V5B) in its included case.

We have an assortment of Hall effect-based current sensors to choose from for those who need to monitor motor current:

ACS711EX current sensor carrier -15.5A to +15.5A.

ACS714 current sensor carrier -5A to +5A.

Selecting the Right Gearmotor

We offer a wide selection of metal gearmotors that offer different combinations of speed and torque. Our metal gearmotor comparison table can help you find the motor that best meets your project’s requirements.

People often buy this product together with:

Pololu Stamped Aluminum L-Bracket Pair for 37D mm Metal Gearmotors Pololu Stamped Aluminum L-Bracket Pair for 37D mm Metal Gearmotors
Pololu Universal Aluminum Mounting Hub for 6mm Shaft, #4-40 Holes (2-Pack) Pololu Universal Aluminum Mounting Hub for 6mm Shaft, #4-40 Holes (2-Pack)
Pololu Machined Aluminum Bracket for 37D mm Metal Gearmotors Pololu Machined Aluminum Bracket for 37D mm Metal Gearmotors

Related Products

Pololu Machined Aluminum Bracket for 37D mm Metal Gearmotors
Pololu Stamped Aluminum L-Bracket Pair for 37D mm Metal Gearmotors
Pololu Universal Aluminum Mounting Hub for 6mm Shaft, #4-40 Holes (2-Pack)
Pololu Universal Aluminum Mounting Hub for 6mm Shaft, M3 Holes (2-Pack)
Pololu Aluminum Scooter Wheel Adapter for 6mm Shaft
Pololu Wheel 80×10mm Pair - Black
Pololu Simple High-Power Motor Controller 18v15 (Fully Assembled)
Pololu Wheel 90×10mm Pair - White
TB9051FTG Single Brushed DC Motor Driver Carrier
VNH5019 Motor Driver Carrier
Pololu G2 High-Power Motor Driver 24v13
Dual TB9051FTG Motor Driver Shield for Arduino
Pololu Dual VNH5019 Motor Driver Shield for Arduino
Pololu Dual G2 High-Power Motor Driver 24v14 Shield for Arduino
High-Power Simple Motor Controller G2 24v12 (Connectors Soldered)
Jrk G2 24v13 USB Motor Controller with Feedback
Jrk G2 21v3 USB Motor Controller with Feedback
Pololu Qik 2s12v10 Dual Serial Motor Controller

Related Categories

37D Metal Gearmotors
Pololu Wheels and Tracks
Brushed DC Motor Controllers
Brushed DC Motor Drivers
Robot Controllers
Current Sensors
25D Metal Gearmotors
20D Metal Gearmotors
Micro Metal Gearmotors
Premium Jumper Wires
Wires with Pre-Crimped Terminals
Crimp Connector Housings
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