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37D gearmotors: helical pinion gear, new 150:1 gear ratio, and performance graphs

Posted by Emily on 3 September 2019
Tags: motors

We have some big announcements related to our 37D Metal Gearmotors to share! First, we now have new versions of our 37D gearmotors that feature helical pinion gears and first mating gears as seen in the photo on the left above. The helical gears help reduce vibrations, making the gearbox a little quieter and more efficient than the original versions that used all spur gears. The performance is otherwise unchanged, and the dimensions are the same, so the new versions with helical pinion gears can be used as direct replacements for the original units. We are using new product numbers for the new versions so you can know exactly which one you are getting, and the product numbers for the original spur versions are being phased out. The following table shows all of the new helical-pinion versions:

Gear Ratio No-Load Speed
Stall Torque
Max Power

Without Encoder

With Encoder
(kg ⋅ cm) (oz ⋅ in)
12 V 5.5 A 0.15 A 1:1 (no gearbox) 10,000 0.5 7 item #4750
19:1 540 8.5 120 12 item #4741 item #4751
30:1 330 14 190 12 item #4742 item #4752
50:1 200 21 290 10 item #4743 item #4753
70:1 150 27 380 10 item #4744 item #4754
100:1 100 34 470 8 item #4745 item #4755
131:1 76 45 630 6 item #4746 item #4756
150:1 67 49 680 6 item #2829 item #2828

We have also expanded the 37D gearmotor line by adding a new 150:1 gear ratio, which becomes our new highest gear ratio offering for this line of gearmotors. This version has an extrapolated (i.e. theoretical) stall torque of 49 kg⋅cm (680 oz⋅in), but please keep in mind that the point of high gear ratios like this is not to allow for more total torque. Rather, they enable slower speeds and draw less current than lower gear ratios for the same loads. For all of our 37D gearmotors, we recommend keeping continuously applied loads under 10 kg⋅cm (150 oz⋅in) and instantaneous torques under 25 kg⋅cm (350 oz⋅in).

Finally, we now have published performance graphs (1MB pdf) for our 37D gearmotors, just like the ones we previously released for our Micro Metal Gearmotors and our 20D Gearmotors! Each chart is based on hundreds of individual measurements that reveal how the speed, current, power, and efficiency of that particular gearmotor version depend on the applied load (i.e. torque).

37D mm metal gearmotor undergoing dynamic performance testing.

These characterizations are yet another way we set our gearmotors apart from the many similar-looking alternatives out there. When you get your gearmotors from us, you know exactly what kind of performance to expect, and because we make and test them ourselves, you can count on getting that same performance batch after batch after batch.

If you have any questions or feedback about these graphs or if there is additional information you would like to see available for our motors, please feel free to contact us (or just leave a comment below). And if you are wondering about graphs for 25D Gearmotors, don’t worry, those are coming! (If you need something before those datasheets are done, just let us know and we might be able to get you preliminary data for a particular gearmotor.)

Performance summary table from 37D mm Metal Geamotor datasheet.


Do you have data on the electrical parameters of the motor (resistance inductance) and mechanical parameters (rotor inertia friction of the rotor)?

The inductance of our 37D Metal Gearmotors is about 2.3 mH.

You can estimate a motor's electrical resistance by dividing its rated voltage (12 V for the 37D motors) by the stall current (5.5 A for the 37D motors). So for the 37D motors, that gives you a value of about 2.2 Ω.

We have not characterized the rotor inertia for our motors yet, but you could approximate something for that by determining the moment of inertia for the output shaft. The shaft is made of stainless steel and its dimensions can be found in the dimension diagram (which can be found on any 37D motor's product page under the resources tab):

By the way, I would expect the rotor inertia to become negligible once anything of substantial inertia is attached to your motor or once your motor is loaded in a real application.

You can determine a motor's viscous friction constant by dividing the no-load current by the no-load speed and then multiplying by the motor torque constant. The motor torque constant is the inverse of the inverse of the slope of the current-versus-torque line in the performance graphs.

- Patrick
Hello, do you offer replacement gearboxes for the 37D motor series - or replacement parts - several gearboxes failed on the same gear with teeth breaking off under too high loads
It would be great to be able to put the motors back to use

We do not offer the gearboxes or replacement gears separately.

If you have several gearboxes failing, then your application is probably applying loads that exceed what the gearboxes can handle. We can help you troubleshoot if you email us at

- Patrick
What temperature ranges are these motors designed for and are they ISO 9001 certified?


The temperature range is -10 to 60 degrees C. They are not ISO 9001 certified (or certified to any other standard besides RoHS where indicated).

- Jan

Do you have the new cad models?
The dimensions of those found in resources do not match.

There are CAD models (step files) for all of our 37D gearmotors available on their product pages under the "Resources" tab.

What dimensions are you referring to? If you are seeing discrepancies between the dimensions of motors you got from us to what is in our documentation, please send an email to with your order information along with pictures that show what you are measuring.

- Patrick

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